带有@PathVariable的Spring MVC带注释的控制器接口

spring spring-mvc spring-boot

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4回复

856 作者的声誉

有没有理由不将控制器映射为接口?

在所有示例和问题中,我看到周围的控制器,都是具体的类。是否有一个原因?我想将请求映射与实现分开。当我试图@PathVariable在我的具体课程中获得一个参数时,我碰到了一堵墙。

我的Controller界面如下所示:

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/services/goal/")
public interface GoalService {

    @RequestMapping("options/")
    @ResponseBody
    Map<String, Long> getGoals();

    @RequestMapping(value = "{id}/", method = RequestMethod.DELETE)
    @ResponseBody
    void removeGoal(@PathVariable String id);

}

而实施班:

@Component
public class GoalServiceImpl implements GoalService {

    /* init code */

    public Map<String, Long> getGoals() {
        /* method code */
        return map;
    }

    public void removeGoal(String id) {
        Goal goal = goalDao.findByPrimaryKey(Long.parseLong(id));
        goalDao.remove(goal);
    }

}

getGoals()方法效果很好; 在removeGoal(String id)抛出一个异常

ExceptionHandlerExceptionResolver - Resolving exception from handler [public void
    todo.webapp.controllers.services.GoalServiceImpl.removeGoal(java.lang.String)]: 
    org.springframework.web.bind.MissingServletRequestParameterException: Required 
    String parameter 'id' is not present

如果我将@PathVariable注释添加到具体类中,一切都按预期工作,但为什么我必须在具体类中重新声明它?它不应该由具有@Controller注释的任何东西处理吗?

作者: will-ob 的来源 发布者: 2011 年 11 月 3 日

回应 (4)


23

856 作者的声誉

决定

显然,当请求模式通过@RequestMapping注释映射到方法时,它将映射到具体的方法实现。因此,与声明匹配的请求将GoalServiceImpl.removeGoal()直接调用,而不是最初声明@RequestMappingie 的方法GoalService.removeGoal()

由于接口,接口方法或接口方法参数上的注释不会延续到实现,因此@PathVariable除非实现类明确声明,否则Spring MVC无法将其识别为。没有它,任何以@PathVariable参数为目标的AOP建议都不会被执行。

作者: will-ob 发布者: 04.11.2011 06:31

7

107 作者的声誉

它适用于较新版本的Spring。

import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
public interface TestApi {
    @RequestMapping("/test")
    public String test();
}

在Controller中实现接口

@RestController
@Slf4j
public class TestApiController implements TestApi {

    @Override
    public String test() {
        log.info("In Test");
        return "Value";
    }

}

它可以用作: Rest客户端

作者: Sabuj Das 发布者: 21.05.2016 06:14

0

49 作者的声誉

我解决了这个问题。

在客户端:

我正在使用这个库https://github.com/ggeorgovassilis/spring-rest-invoker/。该库从接口生成代理以调用spring rest服务。

我扩展了这个库:

我创建了一个注释和一个工厂客户端类:

确定Spring Rest服务

@Target({ElementType.TYPE})
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Documented
public @interface SpringRestService {
    String baseUri();
}

此类从接口生成客户端休息

public class RestFactory implements BeanFactoryPostProcessor,EmbeddedValueResolverAware  {

    StringValueResolver resolver;

    @Override
    public void setEmbeddedValueResolver(StringValueResolver resolver) {
        this.resolver = resolver;
    }
    private String basePackage = "com";

    public void setBasePackage(String basePackage) {
        this.basePackage = basePackage;
    }


    @Override
    public void postProcessBeanFactory(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) throws BeansException {
        createBeanProxy(beanFactory,SpringRestService.class);
        createBeanProxy(beanFactory,JaxrsRestService.class);
    }

    private void createBeanProxy(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory,Class<? extends Annotation> annotation) {
        List<Class<Object>> classes;
        try {
            classes = AnnotationUtils.findAnnotatedClasses(basePackage, annotation);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new BeanInstantiationException(annotation, e.getMessage(), e);
        }
        BeanDefinitionRegistry registry = (BeanDefinitionRegistry) beanFactory;
        for (Class<Object> classType : classes) {
            Annotation typeService = classType.getAnnotation(annotation);   
            GenericBeanDefinition beanDef = new GenericBeanDefinition();
            beanDef.setBeanClass(getQueryServiceFactory(classType, typeService));
            ConstructorArgumentValues cav = new ConstructorArgumentValues();
            cav.addIndexedArgumentValue(0, classType);
            cav.addIndexedArgumentValue(1, baseUri(classType,typeService));
            beanDef.setConstructorArgumentValues(cav);
            registry.registerBeanDefinition(classType.getName() + "Proxy", beanDef);
        }
    }

    private String baseUri(Class<Object> c,Annotation typeService){
        String baseUri = null;
        if(typeService instanceof SpringRestService){
            baseUri = ((SpringRestService)typeService).baseUri();  
        }else if(typeService instanceof JaxrsRestService){
            baseUri = ((JaxrsRestService)typeService).baseUri();
        }
        if(baseUri!=null && !baseUri.isEmpty()){
            return baseUri = resolver.resolveStringValue(baseUri);
        }else{
            throw new IllegalStateException("Impossibile individuare una baseUri per l'interface :"+c);
        }
    }

    private static Class<? extends FactoryBean<?>> getQueryServiceFactory(Class<Object> c,Annotation typeService){
        if(typeService instanceof SpringRestService){
            return it.eng.rete2i.springjsonmapper.spring.SpringRestInvokerProxyFactoryBean.class;  
        }else if(typeService instanceof JaxrsRestService){
            return it.eng.rete2i.springjsonmapper.jaxrs.JaxRsInvokerProxyFactoryBean.class;
        }
        throw new IllegalStateException("Impossibile individuare una classe per l'interface :"+c);
    }
}

我配置我的工厂:

<bean class="it.eng.rete2i.springjsonmapper.factory.RestFactory">
    <property name="basePackage" value="it.giancarlo.rest.services" />
</bean>

关于REST服务签名

这是一个示例界面:

package it.giancarlo.rest.services.spring;

import ...

@SpringRestService(baseUri="${bookservice.url}")
public interface BookService{

    @Override
    @RequestMapping("/volumes")
    QueryResult findBooksByTitle(@RequestParam("q") String q);

    @Override
    @RequestMapping("/volumes/{id}")
    Item findBookById(@PathVariable("id") String id);

}

关于REST服务实现

服务实施

@RestController
@RequestMapping("bookService")
public class BookServiceImpl implements BookService {
    @Override
    public QueryResult findBooksByTitle(String q) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        return null;
    }
    @Override
    public Item findBookById(String id) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        return null;
    }
}

要解析参数的注释,我创建一个自定义RequestMappingHandlerMapping,它查看所有使用@SpringRestService注释的接口

public class RestServiceRequestMappingHandlerMapping extends RequestMappingHandlerMapping{


    public HandlerMethod testCreateHandlerMethod(Object handler, Method method){
        return createHandlerMethod(handler, method);
    }

    @Override
    protected HandlerMethod createHandlerMethod(Object handler, Method method) {
        HandlerMethod handlerMethod;
        if (handler instanceof String) {
            String beanName = (String) handler;
            handlerMethod = new RestServiceHandlerMethod(beanName,getApplicationContext().getAutowireCapableBeanFactory(), method);
        }
        else {
            handlerMethod = new RestServiceHandlerMethod(handler, method);
        }
        return handlerMethod;
    }


    public static class RestServiceHandlerMethod extends HandlerMethod{

        private Method interfaceMethod;


        public RestServiceHandlerMethod(Object bean, Method method) {
            super(bean,method);
            changeType();
        }

        public RestServiceHandlerMethod(Object bean, String methodName, Class<?>... parameterTypes) throws NoSuchMethodException {
            super(bean,methodName,parameterTypes);
            changeType();
        }

        public RestServiceHandlerMethod(String beanName, BeanFactory beanFactory, Method method) {
            super(beanName,beanFactory,method);
            changeType();
        }


        private void changeType(){
            for(Class<?> clazz : getMethod().getDeclaringClass().getInterfaces()){
                if(clazz.isAnnotationPresent(SpringRestService.class)){
                    try{
                        interfaceMethod = clazz.getMethod(getMethod().getName(), getMethod().getParameterTypes());
                        break;      
                    }catch(NoSuchMethodException e){

                    }
                }
            }
            MethodParameter[] params = super.getMethodParameters();
            for(int i=0;i<params.length;i++){
                params[i] = new RestServiceMethodParameter(params[i]);
            }
        }




        private class RestServiceMethodParameter extends MethodParameter{

            private volatile Annotation[] parameterAnnotations;

            public RestServiceMethodParameter(MethodParameter methodParameter){
                super(methodParameter);
            }


            @Override
            public Annotation[] getParameterAnnotations() {
                if (this.parameterAnnotations == null){
                        if(RestServiceHandlerMethod.this.interfaceMethod!=null) {
                            Annotation[][] annotationArray = RestServiceHandlerMethod.this.interfaceMethod.getParameterAnnotations();
                            if (this.getParameterIndex() >= 0 && this.getParameterIndex() < annotationArray.length) {
                                this.parameterAnnotations = annotationArray[this.getParameterIndex()];
                            }
                            else {
                                this.parameterAnnotations = new Annotation[0];
                            }
                        }else{
                            this.parameterAnnotations = super.getParameterAnnotations();
                        }
                }
                return this.parameterAnnotations;
            }

        }

    }

}

我创建了一个配置类

@Configuration
public class WebConfig extends WebMvcConfigurationSupport{

    @Bean
    public RequestMappingHandlerMapping requestMappingHandlerMapping() {
        RestServiceRequestMappingHandlerMapping handlerMapping = new RestServiceRequestMappingHandlerMapping();
        handlerMapping.setOrder(0);
        handlerMapping.setInterceptors(getInterceptors());
        handlerMapping.setContentNegotiationManager(mvcContentNegotiationManager());

        PathMatchConfigurer configurer = getPathMatchConfigurer();
        if (configurer.isUseSuffixPatternMatch() != null) {
            handlerMapping.setUseSuffixPatternMatch(configurer.isUseSuffixPatternMatch());
        }
        if (configurer.isUseRegisteredSuffixPatternMatch() != null) {
            handlerMapping.setUseRegisteredSuffixPatternMatch(configurer.isUseRegisteredSuffixPatternMatch());
        }
        if (configurer.isUseTrailingSlashMatch() != null) {
            handlerMapping.setUseTrailingSlashMatch(configurer.isUseTrailingSlashMatch());
        }
        if (configurer.getPathMatcher() != null) {
            handlerMapping.setPathMatcher(configurer.getPathMatcher());
        }
        if (configurer.getUrlPathHelper() != null) {
            handlerMapping.setUrlPathHelper(configurer.getUrlPathHelper());
        }
        return handlerMapping;
    }
}

我把它配置好了

<bean class="....WebConfig" />
作者: Giancarlo Compagno 发布者: 11.10.2016 12:28

0

101 作者的声誉

最初在Spring 5.1.5中实现了定义接口上所有绑定的功能。

请看这个问题:https//github.com/spring-projects/spring-framework/issues/15682 - 这是一场斗争:)

现在你可以做到:

@RequestMapping("/random")
public interface RandomDataController {

    @RequestMapping(value = "/{type}", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    @ResponseBody
    RandomData getRandomData(
            @PathVariable(value = "type") RandomDataType type, @RequestParam(value = "size", required = false, defaultValue = "10") int size);
}
@Controller
public class RandomDataImpl implements RandomDataController {

    @Autowired
    private RandomGenerator randomGenerator;

    @Override
    public RandomData getPathParamRandomData(RandomDataType type, int size) {
        return randomGenerator.generateRandomData(type, size);
    }
}

你甚至可以使用这个库:https//github.com/ggeorgovassilis/spring-rest-invoker

要获得基于该接口的客户端代理,类似于RestEasys客户端框架在JAX-RS域中的工作方式。

作者: Adam from WALCZAK.IT 发布者: 13.03.2019 07:08
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