Cordova app not displaying correctly on iPhone X (Simulator)

ios cordova phonegap iphone-x

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I tested my Cordova-based app yesterday on the iPhone X Simulator in Xcode 9.0 (9A235) and it didn't look good. Firstly, instead of filling the full screen area, there was a black area above and below the app content. And worse, between the app content and the black was two white bars.

Adding cordova-plugin-wkwebview-engine so Cordova renders using WKWebView (not UIWebView) fixes the white bars. By my app is not migrated from UIWebView to WKWebView due to performance and memory leak issues when using cordova-plugin-wkwebview-engine which occur when loading images downloaded from Inapp Purchase hosted content into an HTML5 canvas (direct file:// access by the Webview is not possible due to security restrictions in WKWebView so the image data must be loaded via cordova-plugin-file).

These screenshots show a test app with a blue background set on the <body>. Above and below UIWebView, you can see the white bars, but not with WKWebView:

Both Cordova Webviews exhibit the black areas when compared to a native app which fills the full screen area:

作者: DaveAlden 的来源 发布者: 2017 年 9 月 15 日

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决定

I found the solution to the white bars here:

Set viewport-fit=cover on the viewport <meta> tag, i.e.:

<meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1, width=device-width, height=device-height, viewport-fit=cover">

The white bars in UIWebView then disappear:

The solution to remove the black areas (provided by @dpogue in a comment below) is to use LaunchStoryboard images with cordova-plugin-splashscreen to replace the legacy launch images, used by Cordova by default. To do so, add the following to the iOS platform in config.xml:

<platform name="ios">    
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default@2x~iphone~anyany.png" />
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default@2x~iphone~comany.png" />
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default@2x~iphone~comcom.png" />
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default@3x~iphone~anyany.png" />
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default@3x~iphone~anycom.png" />
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default@3x~iphone~comany.png" />
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default@2x~ipad~anyany.png" />
    <splash src="res/screen/ios/Default@2x~ipad~comany.png" />   

    <!-- more iOS config... -->
</platform>

Then create the images with the following dimensions in res/screen/ios (remove any existing ones):

Default@2x~iphone~anyany.png - 1334x1334
Default@2x~iphone~comany.png - 750x1334
Default@2x~iphone~comcom.png - 1334x750
Default@3x~iphone~anyany.png - 2208x2208
Default@3x~iphone~anycom.png - 2208x1242
Default@3x~iphone~comany.png - 1242x2208
Default@2x~ipad~anyany.png - 2732x2732
Default@2x~ipad~comany.png - 1278x2732

Once the black bars are removed, there's another thing that's different about the iPhone X to address: The status bar is larger than 20px due to the "notch", which means any content at the far top of your Cordova app will be obscured by it:

Rather than hard-coding a padding in pixels, you can handle this automatically in CSS using the new safe-area-inset-* constants in iOS 11.

Note: in iOS 11.0 the function to handle these constants was called constant() but in iOS 11.2 Apple renamed it to env() (see here), therefore to cover both cases you need to overload the CSS rule with both and rely on the CSS fallback mechanism to apply the appropriate one:

body{
    padding-top: constant(safe-area-inset-top);
    padding-top: env(safe-area-inset-top);
}

The result is then as desired: the app content covers the full screen, but is not obscured by the "notch":

I've created a Cordova test project which illustrates the above steps: webview-test.zip

Notes:

Footer buttons

  • If your app has footer buttons (as mine does), you will also need to apply safe-area-inset-bottom to avoid them being overlapped by the virtual Home button on iPhone X.
  • In my case, I couldn't apply this to <body> as the footer is absolutely positioned, so I needed to apply it directly to the footer:

.toolbar-footer{
    margin-bottom: constant(safe-area-inset-bottom);
    margin-bottom: env(safe-area-inset-bottom);
}

cordova-plugin-statusbar

  • The status bar size has changed on iPhone X, so older versions of cordova-plugin-statusbar display incorrectly on iPhone X
  • Mike Hartington has created this pull request which applies the necessary changes.
  • This was merged into the cordova-plugin-statusbar@2.3.0 release, so make sure you're using at least this version to apply to safe-area-insets

splashscreen

  • The LaunchScreen storyboard constraints changed on iOS 11/iPhone X, meaning the splashscreen appeared to "jump" on launch when using existing versions of the plugin (see here).
  • This was captured in bug report CB-13505, fixed PR cordova-ios#354 and released in cordova-ios@4.5.4, so make sure you're using a recent version of the cordova-ios platform.

device orientation

  • When using UIWebView on iOS 11.0, rotating from portrait > landscape > portrait causes the safe-area-inset not to be re-applied, causing the content to be obscured by the notch again (as highlighted by jms in a comment below).
  • Also happens if app is launched in landscape then rotated to portrait
  • This doesn't happen when using WKWebView via cordova-plugin-wkwebview-engine.
  • Radar report: http://www.openradar.me/radar?id=5035192880201728
  • Update: this appears to have been fixed in iOS 11.1

For reference, this is the original Cordova issue I opened which captures this: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/CB-13273

作者: DaveAlden 发布者: 2017 年 9 月 15 日

33

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For a manual fix to an existing cordova project

The black bars

Add this to your info.plist file. Fixing the launch image is a separate issue i.e. How to Add iPhoneX Launch Image

<key>UILaunchStoryboardName</key>
<string>CDVLaunchScreen</string>

The white bars

Set viewport-fit=cover in the meta tag

<meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1, width=device-width, height=device-height, viewport-fit=cover">
作者: coder 发布者: 2017 年 11 月 15 日

2

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Just a note that the constant keyword use for safe-area margins has been updated to env for 11.2 beta+

https://webkit.org/blog/7929/designing-websites-for-iphone-x/

作者: Brent 发布者: 2017 年 11 月 15 日

-1

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Please note that this article: https://medium.com/the-web-tub/supporting-iphone-x-for-mobile-web-cordova-app-using-onsen-ui-f17a4c272fcd has different sizes than above and cordova plugin page:

Default@2x~iphone~anyany.png (= 1334x1334 = 667x667@2x)
Default@2x~iphone~comany.png (= 750x1334 = 375x667@2x)
Default@2x~iphone~comcom.png (= 750x750 = 375x375@2x)
Default@3x~iphone~anyany.png (= 2436x2436 = 812x812@3x)
Default@3x~iphone~anycom.png (= 2436x1242 = 812x414@3x)
Default@3x~iphone~comany.png (= 1242x2436 = 414x812@3x)
Default@2x~ipad~anyany.png (= 2732x2732 = 1366x1366@2x)
Default@2x~ipad~comany.png (= 1278x2732 = 639x1366@2x)

I resized images as above and updated ios platform and cordova-plugin-splashscreen to latest and the flash to white screen after a second issue was fixed. However the initial spash image has a white border at bottom now.

作者: msmfsd 发布者: 2017 年 11 月 24 日

1

191 作者的声誉

If you install newer versions of ionic globally you can run ionic cordova resources and it will generate all of the splashscreen images for you along with the correct sizes.

作者: nebulr 发布者: 2017 年 12 月 20 日

13

11888 作者的声誉

There is 3 steps you have to do

for iOs 11 status bar & iPhone X header problems


1. Viewport fit cover

Add viewport-fit=cover to your viewport's meta in <header>

<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=0,viewport-fit=cover">

Demo: https://jsfiddle.net/gq5pt509 (index.html)


  1. Add more splash images to your config.xml inside <platform name="ios">

Dont skip this step, this required for getting screen fit for iPhone X work

<splash src="your_path/Default@2x~ipad~anyany.png" />   <!-- 2732x2732 -->
<splash src="your_path/Default@2x~ipad~comany.png" />   <!-- 1278x2732 -->
<splash src="your_path/Default@2x~iphone~anyany.png" /> <!-- 1334x1334 -->
<splash src="your_path/Default@2x~iphone~comany.png" /> <!-- 750x1334  -->
<splash src="your_path/Default@2x~iphone~comcom.png" /> <!-- 1334x750  -->
<splash src="your_path/Default@3x~iphone~anyany.png" /> <!-- 2208x2208 -->
<splash src="your_path/Default@3x~iphone~anycom.png" /> <!-- 2208x1242 -->
<splash src="your_path/Default@3x~iphone~comany.png" /> <!-- 1242x2208 -->

Demo: https://jsfiddle.net/mmy885q4 (config.xml)


  1. Fix your style on CSS

Use safe-area-inset-left, safe-area-inset-right, safe-area-inset-top, or safe-area-inset-bottom

Example: (Use in your case!)


Bonus: You can add body class like is-android or is-ios on deviceready

var platformId = window.cordova.platformId;
if (platformId) {
   document.body.classList.add('is-' + platformId);
}

So you can do something like this on CSS

.is-ios #header {
 // Properties
}
作者: l2aelba 发布者: 2018 年 1 月 31 日

4

864 作者的声誉

In my case where each splash screen was individually designed instead of autogenerated or laid out in a story board format, I had to stick with my Legacy Launch screen configuration and add portrait and landscape images to target iPhoneX 1125×2436 orientations to the config.xml like so:

<splash height="2436" src="resources/ios/splash/Default-2436h.png" width="1125" />
<splash height="1125" src="resources/ios/splash/Default-Landscape-2436h.png" width="2436" />

After adding these to config.xml ("viewport-fit=cover" was already set in index.hml) my app built with Ionic Pro fills the entire screen on iPhoneX devices.

作者: TaeKwonJoe 发布者: 2018 年 5 月 1 日

2

504 作者的声誉

Fix for iPhone X/XS screen rotation issue

On iPhone X/XS, a screen rotation will cause the header bar height to use an incorrect value, because the calculation of safe-area-inset-* was not reflecting the new values in time for UI refresh. This bug exists in UIWebView even in the latest iOS 12. A workaround is inserting a 1px top margin and then quickly reversing it, which will trigger safe-area-inset-* to be re-calculated immediately. A somewhat ugly fix but it works if you have to stay with UIWebView for one reason or another.

window.addEventListener("orientationchange", function() {
    var originalMarginTop = document.body.style.marginTop;
    document.body.style.marginTop = "1px";
    setTimeout(function () {
        document.body.style.marginTop = originalMarginTop;
    }, 100);
}, false);

The purpose of the code is to cause the document.body.style.marginTop to change slightly and then reverse it. It doesn't necessarily have to be "1px". You can pick a value that doesn't cause your UI to flicker but achieves its purpose.

作者: YYL 发布者: 2019 年 1 月 10 日
32x32