如何获取Gmail API以JavaScript列出邮件?

javascript google-api gmail-api google-oauth2 google-apis-explorer

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1回复

725 作者的声誉

我使用listMessages来获取ID,并使用getMessages来打印代码段,但是它似乎不起作用:

      function listMessages() {
    gapi.client.gmail.users.messages.list({
      'maxResults': 1000,
      'userId': 'me',
      'format': 'full',

    }).then(function(response) {
      appendPre('Files:');
      var messages = response.result.messages;
      if (messages && messages.length > 0) {
        for (var i = 0; i < messages.length; i++) {
          var message = messages[i];
          var message_Id = message.id;
          window.message_Id = message_Id;
          getMessages();

        }
      } else {
        appendPre('No files found.');
      }
    });
  }
  function getMessages() {
    gapi.client.gmail.users.messages.get({
      'maxResults': 1000,

      'id': message_Id,
      'userId': 'me',
      'format': 'full',

    }).then(function(response) {

      var messages = response.result.messages;
      if (messages && messages.length > 0) {
        for (var i = 0; i < messages.length; i++) {
          var message = messages[i];

          appendPre(message.threadId + ' (' + message.snippet + ')');
        }
       else {
        appendPre('No files found.');

      }
    });
  }

由于某种原因,它只会返回而没有找到文件,如何获取它以打印出代码段和ID?

作者: Pig 的来源 发布者: 2017 年 3 月 11 日

回应 1


-1

5321 作者的声誉

为了更好地理解,请尝试遵循JavaScript的快速入门,这将显示一个简单的JavaScript应用程序,该应用程序向Gmail API发出请求。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Gmail API Quickstart</title>
    <meta charset='utf-8' />
  </head>
  <body>
    <p>Gmail API Quickstart</p>

    <!--Add buttons to initiate auth sequence and sign out-->
    <button id="authorize-button" style="display: none;">Authorize</button>
    <button id="signout-button" style="display: none;">Sign Out</button>

    <pre id="content"></pre>

    <script type="text/javascript">
      // Client ID and API key from the Developer Console
      var CLIENT_ID = '<YOUR_CLIENT_ID>';

      // Array of API discovery doc URLs for APIs used by the quickstart
      var DISCOVERY_DOCS = ["https://www.googleapis.com/discovery/v1/apis/gmail/v1/rest"];

      // Authorization scopes required by the API; multiple scopes can be
      // included, separated by spaces.
      var SCOPES = 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.readonly';

      var authorizeButton = document.getElementById('authorize-button');
      var signoutButton = document.getElementById('signout-button');

      /**
       *  On load, called to load the auth2 library and API client library.
       */
      function handleClientLoad() {
        gapi.load('client:auth2', initClient);
      }

      /**
       *  Initializes the API client library and sets up sign-in state
       *  listeners.
       */
      function initClient() {
        gapi.client.init({
          discoveryDocs: DISCOVERY_DOCS,
          clientId: CLIENT_ID,
          scope: SCOPES
        }).then(function () {
          // Listen for sign-in state changes.
          gapi.auth2.getAuthInstance().isSignedIn.listen(updateSigninStatus);

          // Handle the initial sign-in state.
          updateSigninStatus(gapi.auth2.getAuthInstance().isSignedIn.get());
          authorizeButton.onclick = handleAuthClick;
          signoutButton.onclick = handleSignoutClick;
        });
      }

      /**
       *  Called when the signed in status changes, to update the UI
       *  appropriately. After a sign-in, the API is called.
       */
      function updateSigninStatus(isSignedIn) {
        if (isSignedIn) {
          authorizeButton.style.display = 'none';
          signoutButton.style.display = 'block';
          listLabels();
        } else {
          authorizeButton.style.display = 'block';
          signoutButton.style.display = 'none';
        }
      }

      /**
       *  Sign in the user upon button click.
       */
      function handleAuthClick(event) {
        gapi.auth2.getAuthInstance().signIn();
      }

      /**
       *  Sign out the user upon button click.
       */
      function handleSignoutClick(event) {
        gapi.auth2.getAuthInstance().signOut();
      }

      /**
       * Append a pre element to the body containing the given message
       * as its text node. Used to display the results of the API call.
       *
       * @param {string} message Text to be placed in pre element.
       */
      function appendPre(message) {
        var pre = document.getElementById('content');
        var textContent = document.createTextNode(message + '\n');
        pre.appendChild(textContent);
      }

      /**
       * Print all Labels in the authorized user's inbox. If no labels
       * are found an appropriate message is printed.
       */
      function listLabels() {
        gapi.client.gmail.users.labels.list({
          'userId': 'me'
        }).then(function(response) {
          var labels = response.result.labels;
          appendPre('Labels:');

          if (labels && labels.length > 0) {
            for (i = 0; i < labels.length; i++) {
              var label = labels[i];
              appendPre(label.name)
            }
          } else {
            appendPre('No Labels found.');
          }
        });
      }

    </script>

    <script async defer src="https://apis.google.com/js/api.js"
      onload="this.onload=function(){};handleClientLoad()"
      onreadystatechange="if (this.readyState === 'complete') this.onload()">
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

要记住的事情:

  • 开启Gmail API
  • 初始用户授权后,gapi.auth.authorize对该使用immediate:true模式的调用将获得身份验证令牌,而无需用户交互。

也可以通过以下链接进行进一步阅读:

这将帮助您了解和熟悉Gmail API中的不同方法和功能。

作者: Mr.Rebot 发布者: 2017 年 3 月 12 日
32x32