在SQL Server中,如何为给定的表生成CREATE TABLE语句?

sql-server scripting dynamic-sql

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15回复

75342 作者的声誉

我花了很多时间来解决这个问题的解决方案,所以本帖子的精神,我在这里发布,因为我觉得它可能对其他人有用。

如果有人有更好的脚本或任何要添加的内容,请发布。

编辑:是的,我知道如何在Management Studio中执行此操作 - 但我需要能够在另一个应用程序中执行此操作。

作者: Blorgbeard 的来源 发布者: 2008 年 8 月 22 日

回应 (15)


33

75342 作者的声誉

这是我提出的脚本。它处理标识列,默认值和主键。它不处理外键,索引,触发器或任何其他聪明的东西。它适用于SQLServer 2000,2005和2008。

declare @schema varchar(100), @table varchar(100)
set @schema = 'dbo' -- set schema name here
set @table = 'MyTable' -- set table name here
declare @sql table(s varchar(1000), id int identity)

-- create statement
insert into  @sql(s) values ('create table [' + @table + '] (')

-- column list
insert into @sql(s)
select 
    '  ['+column_name+'] ' + 
    data_type + coalesce('('+cast(character_maximum_length as varchar)+')','') + ' ' +
    case when exists ( 
        select id from syscolumns
        where object_name(id)=@table
        and name=column_name
        and columnproperty(id,name,'IsIdentity') = 1 
    ) then
        'IDENTITY(' + 
        cast(ident_seed(@table) as varchar) + ',' + 
        cast(ident_incr(@table) as varchar) + ')'
    else ''
    end + ' ' +
    ( case when IS_NULLABLE = 'No' then 'NOT ' else '' end ) + 'NULL ' + 
    coalesce('DEFAULT '+COLUMN_DEFAULT,'') + ','

 from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS where table_name = @table AND table_schema = @schema
 order by ordinal_position

-- primary key
declare @pkname varchar(100)
select @pkname = constraint_name from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS
where table_name = @table and constraint_type='PRIMARY KEY'

if ( @pkname is not null ) begin
    insert into @sql(s) values('  PRIMARY KEY (')
    insert into @sql(s)
        select '   ['+COLUMN_NAME+'],' from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.KEY_COLUMN_USAGE
        where constraint_name = @pkname
        order by ordinal_position
    -- remove trailing comma
    update @sql set s=left(s,len(s)-1) where id=@@identity
    insert into @sql(s) values ('  )')
end
else begin
    -- remove trailing comma
    update @sql set s=left(s,len(s)-1) where id=@@identity
end

-- closing bracket
insert into @sql(s) values( ')' )

-- result!
select s from @sql order by id
作者: Blorgbeard 发布者: 22.08.2008 01:03

4

7813 作者的声誉

归功于@Blorgbeard分享他的剧本。我肯定会将它加入书签以防万一我需要它。

是的,您可以在表格上“右键单击”并编写CREATE TABLE脚本脚本,但是:

  • 该脚本将包含负载克鲁夫特的(感兴趣的扩展属性的人?)
  • 如果您的架构中有200多个表,则需要半天时间来手动编写脚本。

将此脚本转换为存储过程,并结合包装脚本,您将有一个很好的自动方式将表设计转储到源代码控制等。

其余的数据库代码(SP,FK索引,触发器等)无论如何都将受源代码控制;)

作者: Guy 发布者: 22.08.2008 11:45

4

2894 作者的声誉

我注意到的事情 - 在INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS视图中,CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH为字段类型(如图像和文本)提供了大小2147483647(2 ^ 31-1)。ntext是2 ^ 30-1(是双字节unicode和all)。

此大小包含在此查询的输出中,但对于CREATE语句中的这些数据类型无效(它们根本不应具有最大大小值)。因此,除非手动更正此结果,否则CREATE脚本将无法使用这些数据类型。

我想可以修复脚本来解决这个问题,但这超出了我的SQL功能。

作者: Joel Rein 发布者: 23.09.2008 08:14

0

0 作者的声誉

如果您正在使用管理工作室并打开查询分析器窗口,则可以将表名称拖到查询分析器窗口并且... bingo!你得到表脚本。我没有在SQL2008中尝试过这个

作者: RJ 发布者: 23.09.2008 08:26

103

0 作者的声誉

决定

我已修改上面的版本以运行所有表并支持新的SQL 2005数据类型。它还保留主键名称。仅适用于SQL 2005(使用交叉应用)。


select  'create table [' + so.name + '] (' + o.list + ')' + CASE WHEN tc.Constraint_Name IS NULL THEN '' ELSE 'ALTER TABLE ' + so.Name + ' ADD CONSTRAINT ' + tc.Constraint_Name  + ' PRIMARY KEY ' + ' (' + LEFT(j.List, Len(j.List)-1) + ')' END
from    sysobjects so
cross apply
    (SELECT 
        '  ['+column_name+'] ' + 
        data_type + case data_type
            when 'sql_variant' then ''
            when 'text' then ''
            when 'ntext' then ''
            when 'xml' then ''
            when 'decimal' then '(' + cast(numeric_precision as varchar) + ', ' + cast(numeric_scale as varchar) + ')'
            else coalesce('('+case when character_maximum_length = -1 then 'MAX' else cast(character_maximum_length as varchar) end +')','') end + ' ' +
        case when exists ( 
        select id from syscolumns
        where object_name(id)=so.name
        and name=column_name
        and columnproperty(id,name,'IsIdentity') = 1 
        ) then
        'IDENTITY(' + 
        cast(ident_seed(so.name) as varchar) + ',' + 
        cast(ident_incr(so.name) as varchar) + ')'
        else ''
        end + ' ' +
         (case when IS_NULLABLE = 'No' then 'NOT ' else '' end ) + 'NULL ' + 
          case when information_schema.columns.COLUMN_DEFAULT IS NOT NULL THEN 'DEFAULT '+ information_schema.columns.COLUMN_DEFAULT ELSE '' END + ', ' 

     from information_schema.columns where table_name = so.name
     order by ordinal_position
    FOR XML PATH('')) o (list)
left join
    information_schema.table_constraints tc
on  tc.Table_name       = so.Name
AND tc.Constraint_Type  = 'PRIMARY KEY'
cross apply
    (select '[' + Column_Name + '], '
     FROM   information_schema.key_column_usage kcu
     WHERE  kcu.Constraint_Name = tc.Constraint_Name
     ORDER BY
        ORDINAL_POSITION
     FOR XML PATH('')) j (list)
where   xtype = 'U'
AND name    NOT IN ('dtproperties')

更新:添加了XML数据类型的处理

更新2:修复了以下情况 1)有多个具有相同名称但具有不同模式的表,2)有多个表具有相同名称的PK约束

作者: David 发布者: 25.11.2008 04:04

8

215 作者的声誉

如果要生成脚本的应用程序是.NET应用程序,则可能需要查看使用SMO(Sql管理对象)。引用此SQL Team链接,了解如何使用SMO编写脚本对象。

作者: user25623 发布者: 25.11.2008 04:12

4

2628 作者的声誉

- 或者您可以创建存储过程...首先创建Id

USE [db]
GO

/****** Object:  StoredProcedure [dbo].[procUtils_InsertGeneratorWithId]    Script Date: 06/13/2009 22:18:11 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO

SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO


create PROC [dbo].[procUtils_InsertGeneratorWithId]    
(    
@domain_user varchar(50),    
@tableName varchar(100)    
)     


as    

--Declare a cursor to retrieve column specific information for the specified table    
DECLARE cursCol CURSOR FAST_FORWARD FOR     
SELECT column_name,data_type FROM information_schema.columns WHERE table_name = @tableName    
OPEN cursCol    
DECLARE @string nvarchar(3000) --for storing the first half of INSERT statement    
DECLARE @stringData nvarchar(3000) --for storing the data (VALUES) related statement    
DECLARE @dataType nvarchar(1000) --data types returned for respective columns    
DECLARE @IDENTITY_STRING nvarchar ( 100 )    
SET @IDENTITY_STRING = ' '     
select  @IDENTITY_STRING    
SET @string='INSERT '+@tableName+'('    
SET @stringData=''    

DECLARE @colName nvarchar(50)    

FETCH NEXT FROM cursCol INTO @colName,@dataType    

IF @@fetch_status<>0    
 begin    
 print 'Table '+@tableName+' not found, processing skipped.'    
 close curscol    
 deallocate curscol    
 return    
END    

WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS=0    
BEGIN    
IF @dataType in ('varchar','char','nchar','nvarchar')    
BEGIN    
 --SET @stringData=@stringData+'''''''''+isnull('+@colName+','''')+'''''',''+'    
 SET @stringData=@stringData+''''+'''+isnull('''''+'''''+'+@colName+'+'''''+''''',''NULL'')+'',''+'    
END    
ELSE    
if @dataType in ('text','ntext') --if the datatype is text or something else     
BEGIN    
 SET @stringData=@stringData+'''''''''+isnull(cast('+@colName+' as varchar(2000)),'''')+'''''',''+'    
END    
ELSE    
IF @dataType = 'money' --because money doesn't get converted from varchar implicitly    
BEGIN    
 SET @stringData=@stringData+'''convert(money,''''''+isnull(cast('+@colName+' as varchar(200)),''0.0000'')+''''''),''+'    
END    
ELSE     
IF @dataType='datetime'    
BEGIN    
 --SET @stringData=@stringData+'''convert(datetime,''''''+isnull(cast('+@colName+' as varchar(200)),''0'')+''''''),''+'    
 --SELECT 'INSERT Authorizations(StatusDate) VALUES('+'convert(datetime,'+isnull(''''+convert(varchar(200),StatusDate,121)+'''','NULL')+',121),)' FROM Authorizations    
 --SET @stringData=@stringData+'''convert(money,''''''+isnull(cast('+@colName+' as varchar(200)),''0.0000'')+''''''),''+'    
 SET @stringData=@stringData+'''convert(datetime,'+'''+isnull('''''+'''''+convert(varchar(200),'+@colName+',121)+'''''+''''',''NULL'')+'',121),''+'    
  --                             'convert(datetime,'+isnull(''''+convert(varchar(200),StatusDate,121)+'''','NULL')+',121),)' FROM Authorizations    
END    
ELSE     
IF @dataType='image'     
BEGIN    
 SET @stringData=@stringData+'''''''''+isnull(cast(convert(varbinary,'+@colName+') as varchar(6)),''0'')+'''''',''+'    
END    
ELSE --presuming the data type is int,bit,numeric,decimal     
BEGIN    
 --SET @stringData=@stringData+'''''''''+isnull(cast('+@colName+' as varchar(200)),''0'')+'''''',''+'    
 --SET @stringData=@stringData+'''convert(datetime,'+'''+isnull('''''+'''''+convert(varchar(200),'+@colName+',121)+'''''+''''',''NULL'')+'',121),''+'    
 SET @stringData=@stringData+''''+'''+isnull('''''+'''''+convert(varchar(200),'+@colName+')+'''''+''''',''NULL'')+'',''+'    
END    

SET @string=@string+@colName+','    

FETCH NEXT FROM cursCol INTO @colName,@dataType    
END    
DECLARE @Query nvarchar(4000)    

SET @query ='SELECT '''+substring(@string,0,len(@string)) + ') VALUES(''+ ' + substring(@stringData,0,len(@stringData)-2)+'''+'')'' FROM '+@tableName    
exec sp_executesql @query    
--select @query    

CLOSE cursCol    
DEALLOCATE cursCol    


  /*
USAGE

*/

GO

- 第二次没有iD INSERTION

USE [db]
GO

/****** Object:  StoredProcedure [dbo].[procUtils_InsertGenerator]    Script Date: 06/13/2009 22:20:52 ******/
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO

SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO

CREATE PROC [dbo].[procUtils_InsertGenerator]        
(        
@domain_user varchar(50),        
@tableName varchar(100)        
)         


as        

--Declare a cursor to retrieve column specific information for the specified table        
DECLARE cursCol CURSOR FAST_FORWARD FOR         


-- SELECT column_name,data_type FROM information_schema.columns WHERE table_name = @tableName        
/* NEW     
SELECT c.name , sc.data_type  FROM sys.extended_properties AS ep                   
INNER JOIN sys.tables AS t ON ep.major_id = t.object_id                   
INNER JOIN sys.columns AS c ON ep.major_id = c.object_id AND ep.minor_id                   
= c.column_id                   
INNER JOIN INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS sc ON t.name = sc.table_name and                   
c.name = sc.column_name                   
WHERE t.name = @tableName and c.is_identity=0      
  */      

select object_name(c.object_id) "TABLE_NAME", c.name "COLUMN_NAME", s.name "DATA_TYPE"      
  from sys.columns c          
  join sys.systypes s on (s.xtype = c.system_type_id)          
  where object_name(c.object_id) in (select name from sys.tables where name not like 'sysdiagrams')          
   AND object_name(c.object_id) in (select name from sys.tables where [name]=@tableName  ) and c.is_identity=0 and s.name not like 'sysname'  




OPEN cursCol        
DECLARE @string nvarchar(3000) --for storing the first half of INSERT statement        
DECLARE @stringData nvarchar(3000) --for storing the data (VALUES) related statement        
DECLARE @dataType nvarchar(1000) --data types returned for respective columns        
DECLARE @IDENTITY_STRING nvarchar ( 100 )        
SET @IDENTITY_STRING = ' '         
select  @IDENTITY_STRING        
SET @string='INSERT '+@tableName+'('        
SET @stringData=''        

DECLARE @colName nvarchar(50)        

FETCH NEXT FROM cursCol INTO @tableName , @colName,@dataType        

IF @@fetch_status<>0        
 begin        
 print 'Table '+@tableName+' not found, processing skipped.'        
 close curscol        
 deallocate curscol        
 return        
END        

WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS=0        
BEGIN        
IF @dataType in ('varchar','char','nchar','nvarchar')        
BEGIN        
 --SET @stringData=@stringData+'''''''''+isnull('+@colName+','''')+'''''',''+'        
 SET @stringData=@stringData+''''+'''+isnull('''''+'''''+'+@colName+'+'''''+''''',''NULL'')+'',''+'        
END        
ELSE        
if @dataType in ('text','ntext') --if the datatype is text or something else         
BEGIN        
 SET @stringData=@stringData+'''''''''+isnull(cast('+@colName+' as varchar(2000)),'''')+'''''',''+'        
END        
ELSE        
IF @dataType = 'money' --because money doesn't get converted from varchar implicitly        
BEGIN        
 SET @stringData=@stringData+'''convert(money,''''''+isnull(cast('+@colName+' as varchar(200)),''0.0000'')+''''''),''+'        
END        
ELSE         
IF @dataType='datetime'        
BEGIN        
 --SET @stringData=@stringData+'''convert(datetime,''''''+isnull(cast('+@colName+' as varchar(200)),''0'')+''''''),''+'        
 --SELECT 'INSERT Authorizations(StatusDate) VALUES('+'convert(datetime,'+isnull(''''+convert(varchar(200),StatusDate,121)+'''','NULL')+',121),)' FROM Authorizations        
 --SET @stringData=@stringData+'''convert(money,''''''+isnull(cast('+@colName+' as varchar(200)),''0.0000'')+''''''),''+'        
 SET @stringData=@stringData+'''convert(datetime,'+'''+isnull('''''+'''''+convert(varchar(200),'+@colName+',121)+'''''+''''',''NULL'')+'',121),''+'        
  --                             'convert(datetime,'+isnull(''''+convert(varchar(200),StatusDate,121)+'''','NULL')+',121),)' FROM Authorizations        
END        
ELSE         
IF @dataType='image'         
BEGIN        
 SET @stringData=@stringData+'''''''''+isnull(cast(convert(varbinary,'+@colName+') as varchar(6)),''0'')+'''''',''+'        
END        
ELSE --presuming the data type is int,bit,numeric,decimal         
BEGIN        
 --SET @stringData=@stringData+'''''''''+isnull(cast('+@colName+' as varchar(200)),''0'')+'''''',''+'        
 --SET @stringData=@stringData+'''convert(datetime,'+'''+isnull('''''+'''''+convert(varchar(200),'+@colName+',121)+'''''+''''',''NULL'')+'',121),''+'        
 SET @stringData=@stringData+''''+'''+isnull('''''+'''''+convert(varchar(200),'+@colName+')+'''''+''''',''NULL'')+'',''+'        
END        

SET @string=@string+@colName+','        

FETCH NEXT FROM cursCol INTO @tableName , @colName,@dataType        
END        
DECLARE @Query nvarchar(4000)        

SET @query ='SELECT '''+substring(@string,0,len(@string)) + ') VALUES(''+ ' + substring(@stringData,0,len(@stringData)-2)+'''+'')'' FROM '+@tableName        
exec sp_executesql @query        
--select @query       

CLOSE cursCol        
DEALLOCATE cursCol        


  /*      

use poc     
go    

DECLARE @RC int      
DECLARE @domain_user varchar(50)      
DECLARE @tableName varchar(100)      

-- TODO: Set parameter values here.      
set @domain_user='yorgeorg'      
set @tableName = 'tbGui_WizardTabButtonAreas'      

EXECUTE @RC = [POC].[dbo].[procUtils_InsertGenerator]       
   @domain_user      
  ,@tableName      

*/
GO
作者: Yordan Georgiev 发布者: 13.06.2009 07:19

3

330 作者的声誉

在经典asp中显示create table(处理约束,主键,复制表结构和/或数据......)

Sql server从Microsoft sql server显示创建表Mysql样式的“显示创建表”和“显示创建数据库”命令。该脚本是用Microsoft asp语言编写的,很容易移植到另一种语言。*

作者: viljun 发布者: 14.01.2011 03:53

13

8385 作者的声誉

msdb论坛中有一个Powershell脚本,它将编写所有表和相关对象的脚本:

# Script all tables in a database
[System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("Microsoft.SqlServer.SMO") 
    | out-null

$s = new-object ('Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Server') '<Servername>'
$db = $s.Databases['<Database>']

$scrp = new-object ('Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Scripter') ($s)
$scrp.Options.AppendToFile = $True
$scrp.Options.ClusteredIndexes = $True
$scrp.Options.DriAll = $True
$scrp.Options.ScriptDrops = $False
$scrp.Options.IncludeHeaders = $False
$scrp.Options.ToFileOnly = $True
$scrp.Options.Indexes = $True
$scrp.Options.WithDependencies = $True
$scrp.Options.FileName = 'C:\Temp\<Database>.SQL'

foreach($item in $db.Tables) { $tablearray+=@($item) }
$scrp.Script($tablearray)

Write-Host "Scripting complete"
作者: 8kb 发布者: 11.04.2012 11:47

9

1508 作者的声誉

支持架构:

这是一个更新版本,修正了David等人给出的最佳答案。添加了对命名模式的支持。应该注意的是,如果在各种模式中存在同名的表,则可能会中断。另一个改进是使用官方QuoteName()函数。

SELECT 
    t.TABLE_CATALOG,
    t.TABLE_SCHEMA,
    t.TABLE_NAME,
    'create table '+QuoteName(t.TABLE_SCHEMA)+'.' + QuoteName(so.name) + ' (' + LEFT(o.List, Len(o.List)-1) + ');  ' 
        + CASE WHEN tc.Constraint_Name IS NULL THEN '' 
          ELSE 
            'ALTER TABLE ' + QuoteName(t.TABLE_SCHEMA)+'.' + QuoteName(so.name) 
            + ' ADD CONSTRAINT ' + tc.Constraint_Name  + ' PRIMARY KEY ' + ' (' + LEFT(j.List, Len(j.List)-1) + ');  ' 
          END as 'SQL_CREATE_TABLE'
FROM sysobjects so

CROSS APPLY (
    SELECT 
          '  ['+column_name+'] ' 
          +  data_type 
          + case data_type
                when 'sql_variant' then ''
                when 'text' then ''
                when 'ntext' then ''
                when 'decimal' then '(' + cast(numeric_precision as varchar) + ', ' + cast(numeric_scale as varchar) + ')'
              else 
              coalesce(
                '('+ case when character_maximum_length = -1 
                    then 'MAX' 
                    else cast(character_maximum_length as varchar) end 
                + ')','') 
            end 
        + ' ' 
        + case when exists ( 
            SELECT id 
            FROM syscolumns
            WHERE 
                object_name(id) = so.name
                and name = column_name
                and columnproperty(id,name,'IsIdentity') = 1 
          ) then
            'IDENTITY(' + 
            cast(ident_seed(so.name) as varchar) + ',' + 
            cast(ident_incr(so.name) as varchar) + ')'
          else ''
          end 
        + ' ' 
        + (case when IS_NULLABLE = 'No' then 'NOT ' else '' end) 
        + 'NULL ' 
        + case when information_schema.columns.COLUMN_DEFAULT IS NOT NULL THEN 'DEFAULT '+ information_schema.columns.COLUMN_DEFAULT 
          ELSE '' 
          END 
        + ','  -- can't have a field name or we'll end up with XML

    FROM information_schema.columns 
    WHERE table_name = so.name
    ORDER BY ordinal_position
    FOR XML PATH('')
) o (list)

LEFT JOIN information_schema.table_constraints tc on  
    tc.Table_name = so.Name
    AND tc.Constraint_Type  = 'PRIMARY KEY'

LEFT JOIN information_schema.tables t on  
    t.Table_name = so.Name

CROSS APPLY (
    SELECT QuoteName(Column_Name) + ', '
    FROM information_schema.key_column_usage kcu
    WHERE kcu.Constraint_Name = tc.Constraint_Name
    ORDER BY ORDINAL_POSITION
    FOR XML PATH('')
) j (list)

WHERE
    xtype = 'U'
    AND name NOT IN ('dtproperties')
    -- AND so.name = 'ASPStateTempSessions'
;

..

在Management Studio中使用:

上面的sql代码的一个detractor是如果你使用SSMS测试它,长语句不容易阅读。因此,根据这个有用的帖子,这是另一个版本,在点击网格中单元格的链接后,稍微修改一下,以便更容易看到眼睛。对于db中的每个表,结果更容易识别为格式良好的CREATE TABLE语句。

-- settings
DECLARE @CRLF NCHAR(2)
SET @CRLF = Nchar(13) + NChar(10)
DECLARE @PLACEHOLDER NCHAR(3)
SET @PLACEHOLDER = '{:}'

-- the main query
SELECT 
    t.TABLE_CATALOG,
    t.TABLE_SCHEMA,
    t.TABLE_NAME,
    CAST(
        REPLACE(
            'create table ' + QuoteName(t.TABLE_SCHEMA) + '.' + QuoteName(so.name) + ' (' + @CRLF 
            + LEFT(o.List, Len(o.List) - (LEN(@PLACEHOLDER)+2)) + @CRLF + ');' + @CRLF
            + CASE WHEN tc.Constraint_Name IS NULL THEN '' 
              ELSE
                'ALTER TABLE ' + QuoteName(t.TABLE_SCHEMA) + '.' + QuoteName(so.Name) 
                + ' ADD CONSTRAINT ' + tc.Constraint_Name  + ' PRIMARY KEY (' + LEFT(j.List, Len(j.List) - 1) + ');' + @CRLF
              END,
            @PLACEHOLDER,
            @CRLF
        )
    AS XML) as 'SQL_CREATE_TABLE'
FROM sysobjects so

CROSS APPLY (
    SELECT 
          '   '
          + '['+column_name+'] ' 
          +  data_type 
          + case data_type
                when 'sql_variant' then ''
                when 'text' then ''
                when 'ntext' then ''
                when 'decimal' then '(' + cast(numeric_precision as varchar) + ', ' + cast(numeric_scale as varchar) + ')'
              else 
              coalesce(
                '('+ case when character_maximum_length = -1 
                    then 'MAX' 
                    else cast(character_maximum_length as varchar) end 
                + ')','') 
            end 
        + ' ' 
        + case when exists ( 
            SELECT id 
            FROM syscolumns
            WHERE 
                object_name(id) = so.name
                and name = column_name
                and columnproperty(id,name,'IsIdentity') = 1 
          ) then
            'IDENTITY(' + 
            cast(ident_seed(so.name) as varchar) + ',' + 
            cast(ident_incr(so.name) as varchar) + ')'
          else ''
          end 
        + ' ' 
        + (case when IS_NULLABLE = 'No' then 'NOT ' else '' end) 
        + 'NULL ' 
        + case when information_schema.columns.COLUMN_DEFAULT IS NOT NULL THEN 'DEFAULT '+ information_schema.columns.COLUMN_DEFAULT 
          ELSE '' 
          END 
        + ', ' 
        + @PLACEHOLDER  -- note, can't have a field name or we'll end up with XML

    FROM information_schema.columns where table_name = so.name
    ORDER BY ordinal_position
    FOR XML PATH('')
) o (list)

LEFT JOIN information_schema.table_constraints tc on  
    tc.Table_name = so.Name
    AND tc.Constraint_Type  = 'PRIMARY KEY'

LEFT JOIN information_schema.tables t on  
    t.Table_name = so.Name

CROSS APPLY (
    SELECT QUOTENAME(Column_Name) + ', '
    FROM information_schema.key_column_usage kcu
    WHERE kcu.Constraint_Name = tc.Constraint_Name
    ORDER BY ORDINAL_POSITION
    FOR XML PATH('')
) j (list)

WHERE
    xtype = 'U'
    AND name NOT IN ('dtproperties')
    -- AND so.name = 'ASPStateTempSessions'
;

不要强调这一点,但这里是用于比较的功能相同的示例输出:

-- 1 (scripting version)
create table [dbo].[ASPStateTempApplications] (  [AppId] int  NOT NULL ,  [AppName] char(280)  NOT NULL );  ALTER TABLE [dbo].[ASPStateTempApplications] ADD CONSTRAINT PK__ASPState__8E2CF7F908EA5793 PRIMARY KEY  ([AppId]);  

-- 2 (SSMS version)
create table [dbo].[ASPStateTempSessions] (
   [SessionId] nvarchar(88)  NOT NULL , 
   [Created] datetime  NOT NULL DEFAULT (getutcdate()), 
   [Expires] datetime  NOT NULL , 
   [LockDate] datetime  NOT NULL , 
   [LockDateLocal] datetime  NOT NULL , 
   [LockCookie] int  NOT NULL , 
   [Timeout] int  NOT NULL , 
   [Locked] bit  NOT NULL , 
   [SessionItemShort] varbinary(7000)  NULL , 
   [SessionItemLong] image(2147483647)  NULL , 
   [Flags] int  NOT NULL DEFAULT ((0))
);
ALTER TABLE [dbo].[ASPStateTempSessions] ADD CONSTRAINT PK__ASPState__C9F4929003317E3D PRIMARY KEY ([SessionId]);

..

扣除因素:

应该指出的是,由于缺乏对主键之外的其他许可的支持,我对此仍然相对不满意。它仍然适合用作简单数据导出或复制的机制。

作者: zanlok 发布者: 26.03.2013 07:31

6

2378 作者的声誉

另外一个带有外键支持的变体,在一个声明中:

 SELECT
        obj.name
        ,'CREATE TABLE [' + obj.name + '] (' + LEFT(cols.list, LEN(cols.list) - 1 ) + ')'
        + ISNULL(' ' + refs.list, '')
    FROM sysobjects obj
    CROSS APPLY (
        SELECT 
            CHAR(10)
            + ' [' + column_name + '] '
            + data_type
            + CASE data_type
                WHEN 'sql_variant' THEN ''
                WHEN 'text' THEN ''
                WHEN 'ntext' THEN ''
                WHEN 'xml' THEN ''
                WHEN 'decimal' THEN '(' + CAST(numeric_precision as VARCHAR) + ', ' + CAST(numeric_scale as VARCHAR) + ')'
                ELSE COALESCE('(' + CASE WHEN character_maximum_length = -1 THEN 'MAX' ELSE CAST(character_maximum_length as VARCHAR) END + ')', '')
            END
            + ' '
            + case when exists ( -- Identity skip
            select id from syscolumns
            where object_name(id) = obj.name
            and name = column_name
            and columnproperty(id,name,'IsIdentity') = 1 
            ) then
            'IDENTITY(' + 
            cast(ident_seed(obj.name) as varchar) + ',' + 
            cast(ident_incr(obj.name) as varchar) + ')'
            else ''
            end + ' '
            + CASE WHEN IS_NULLABLE = 'No' THEN 'NOT ' ELSE '' END
            + 'NULL'
            + CASE WHEN information_schema.columns.column_default IS NOT NULL THEN ' DEFAULT ' + information_schema.columns.column_default ELSE '' END
            + ','
        FROM
            INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS
        WHERE table_name = obj.name
        ORDER BY ordinal_position
        FOR XML PATH('')
    ) cols (list)
    CROSS APPLY(
        SELECT
            CHAR(10) + 'ALTER TABLE ' + obj.name + '_noident_temp ADD ' + LEFT(alt, LEN(alt)-1)
        FROM(
            SELECT
                CHAR(10)
                + ' CONSTRAINT ' + tc.constraint_name
                + ' ' + tc.constraint_type + ' (' + LEFT(c.list, LEN(c.list)-1) + ')'
                + COALESCE(CHAR(10) + r.list, ', ')
            FROM
                information_schema.table_constraints tc
                CROSS APPLY(
                    SELECT
                        '[' + kcu.column_name + '], '
                    FROM
                        information_schema.key_column_usage kcu
                    WHERE
                        kcu.constraint_name = tc.constraint_name
                    ORDER BY
                        kcu.ordinal_position
                    FOR XML PATH('')
                ) c (list)
                OUTER APPLY(
                    -- // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/3907879/sql-server-howto-get-foreign-key-reference-from-information-schema
                    SELECT
                        '  REFERENCES [' + kcu1.constraint_schema + '].' + '[' + kcu2.table_name + ']' + '(' + kcu2.column_name + '), '
                    FROM information_schema.referential_constraints as rc
                        JOIN information_schema.key_column_usage as kcu1 ON (kcu1.constraint_catalog = rc.constraint_catalog AND kcu1.constraint_schema = rc.constraint_schema AND kcu1.constraint_name = rc.constraint_name)
                        JOIN information_schema.key_column_usage as kcu2 ON (kcu2.constraint_catalog = rc.unique_constraint_catalog AND kcu2.constraint_schema = rc.unique_constraint_schema AND kcu2.constraint_name = rc.unique_constraint_name AND kcu2.ordinal_position = KCU1.ordinal_position)
                    WHERE
                        kcu1.constraint_catalog = tc.constraint_catalog AND kcu1.constraint_schema = tc.constraint_schema AND kcu1.constraint_name = tc.constraint_name
                ) r (list)
            WHERE tc.table_name = obj.name
            FOR XML PATH('')
        ) a (alt)
    ) refs (list)
    WHERE
        xtype = 'U'
    AND name NOT IN ('dtproperties')
    AND obj.name = 'your_table_name'

您可以尝试使用sqlfiddle:http://sqlfiddle.com/#!6/e3b66/3/0

作者: Hubbitus 发布者: 04.09.2013 04:45

6

1218 作者的声誉

我修改了接受的答案,现在它可以在某个模式中获得包括主键和外键的命令。

declare @table varchar(100)
declare @schema varchar(100)
set @table = 'Persons' -- set table name here
set @schema = 'OT' -- set SCHEMA name here
declare @sql table(s varchar(1000), id int identity)

-- create statement
insert into  @sql(s) values ('create table ' + @table + ' (')

-- column list
insert into @sql(s)
select 
    '  '+column_name+' ' + 
    data_type + coalesce('('+cast(character_maximum_length as varchar)+')','') + ' ' +
    case when exists ( 
        select id from syscolumns
        where object_name(id)=@table
        and name=column_name
        and columnproperty(id,name,'IsIdentity') = 1 
    ) then
        'IDENTITY(' + 
        cast(ident_seed(@table) as varchar) + ',' + 
        cast(ident_incr(@table) as varchar) + ')'
    else ''
    end + ' ' +
    ( case when IS_NULLABLE = 'No' then 'NOT ' else '' end ) + 'NULL ' + 
    coalesce('DEFAULT '+COLUMN_DEFAULT,'') + ','

 from information_schema.columns where table_name = @table and table_schema = @schema
 order by ordinal_position

-- primary key
declare @pkname varchar(100)
select @pkname = constraint_name from information_schema.table_constraints
where table_name = @table and constraint_type='PRIMARY KEY'

if ( @pkname is not null ) begin
    insert into @sql(s) values('  PRIMARY KEY (')
    insert into @sql(s)
        select '   '+COLUMN_NAME+',' from information_schema.key_column_usage
        where constraint_name = @pkname
        order by ordinal_position
    -- remove trailing comma
    update @sql set s=left(s,len(s)-1) where id=@@identity
    insert into @sql(s) values ('  )')
end
else begin
    -- remove trailing comma
    update @sql set s=left(s,len(s)-1) where id=@@identity
end


-- foreign key
declare @fkname varchar(100)
select @fkname = constraint_name from information_schema.table_constraints
where table_name = @table and constraint_type='FOREIGN KEY'

if ( @fkname is not null ) begin
    insert into @sql(s) values(',')
    insert into @sql(s) values('  FOREIGN KEY (')
    insert into @sql(s)
        select '   '+COLUMN_NAME+',' from information_schema.key_column_usage
        where constraint_name = @fkname
        order by ordinal_position
    -- remove trailing comma
    update @sql set s=left(s,len(s)-1) where id=@@identity
    insert into @sql(s) values ('  ) REFERENCES ')
    insert into @sql(s) 
        SELECT  
            OBJECT_NAME(fk.referenced_object_id)
        FROM 
            sys.foreign_keys fk
        INNER JOIN 
            sys.foreign_key_columns fkc ON fkc.constraint_object_id = fk.object_id
        INNER JOIN
            sys.columns c1 ON fkc.parent_column_id = c1.column_id AND fkc.parent_object_id = c1.object_id
        INNER JOIN
            sys.columns c2 ON fkc.referenced_column_id = c2.column_id AND fkc.referenced_object_id = c2.object_id
        where fk.name = @fkname
    insert into @sql(s) 
        SELECT  
            '('+c2.name+')'
        FROM 
            sys.foreign_keys fk
        INNER JOIN 
            sys.foreign_key_columns fkc ON fkc.constraint_object_id = fk.object_id
        INNER JOIN
            sys.columns c1 ON fkc.parent_column_id = c1.column_id AND fkc.parent_object_id = c1.object_id
        INNER JOIN
            sys.columns c2 ON fkc.referenced_column_id = c2.column_id AND fkc.referenced_object_id = c2.object_id
        where fk.name = @fkname
end

-- closing bracket
insert into @sql(s) values( ')' )

-- result!
select s from @sql order by id
作者: JasmineOT 发布者: 15.08.2014 10:06

5

3959 作者的声誉

我将通过支持分区表来改进答案:

使用下面的scritps查找分区方案和分区键:

declare @partition_scheme varchar(100) = (
select distinct ps.Name AS PartitionScheme
from sys.indexes i  
join sys.partitions p ON i.object_id=p.object_id AND i.index_id=p.index_id  
join sys.partition_schemes ps on ps.data_space_id = i.data_space_id  
where i.object_id = object_id('your table name')
)
print @partition_scheme

declare @partition_column varchar(100) = (
select c.name 
from  sys.tables          t
join  sys.indexes         i 
      on(i.object_id = t.object_id 
  and i.index_id < 2)
join  sys.index_columns  ic 
  on(ic.partition_ordinal > 0 
  and ic.index_id = i.index_id and ic.object_id = t.object_id)
join  sys.columns         c 
  on(c.object_id = ic.object_id 
  and c.column_id = ic.column_id)
where t.object_id  = object_id('your table name')
)
print @partition_column

然后通过在正确的位置添加以下行来更改生成查询:

+ IIF(@partition_scheme is null, '', 'ON [' + @partition_scheme + ']([' + @partition_column + '])')
作者: FLICKER 发布者: 29.01.2016 07:08

1

911 作者的声誉

我包括计算列的定义

    select 'CREATE TABLE [' + so.name + '] (' + o.list + ')' + CASE WHEN tc.Constraint_Name IS NULL THEN '' ELSE 'ALTER TABLE ' + so.Name + ' ADD CONSTRAINT ' + tc.Constraint_Name  + ' PRIMARY KEY ' + ' (' + LEFT(j.List, Len(j.List)-1) + ')' END, name
from    sysobjects so
cross apply
    (SELECT

case when comps.definition is not null then '  ['+column_name+'] AS ' + comps.definition 
else
        '  ['+column_name+'] ' + data_type + 
        case
        when data_type like '%text' or data_type in ('image', 'sql_variant' ,'xml')
            then ''
        when data_type in ('float')
            then '(' + cast(coalesce(numeric_precision, 18) as varchar(11)) + ')'
        when data_type in ('datetime2', 'datetimeoffset', 'time')
            then '(' + cast(coalesce(datetime_precision, 7) as varchar(11)) + ')'
        when data_type in ('decimal', 'numeric')
            then '(' + cast(coalesce(numeric_precision, 18) as varchar(11)) + ',' + cast(coalesce(numeric_scale, 0) as varchar(11)) + ')'
        when (data_type like '%binary' or data_type like '%char') and character_maximum_length = -1
            then '(max)'
        when character_maximum_length is not null
            then '(' + cast(character_maximum_length as varchar(11)) + ')'
        else ''
        end + ' ' +
        case when exists ( 
        select id from syscolumns
        where object_name(id)=so.name
        and name=column_name
        and columnproperty(id,name,'IsIdentity') = 1 
        ) then
        'IDENTITY(' + 
        cast(ident_seed(so.name) as varchar) + ',' + 
        cast(ident_incr(so.name) as varchar) + ')'
        else ''
        end + ' ' +
         (case when information_schema.columns.IS_NULLABLE = 'No' then 'NOT ' else '' end ) + 'NULL ' + 
          case when information_schema.columns.COLUMN_DEFAULT IS NOT NULL THEN 'DEFAULT '+ information_schema.columns.COLUMN_DEFAULT ELSE '' END 
end + ', ' 

     from information_schema.columns 
     left join sys.computed_columns comps 
     on OBJECT_ID(information_schema.columns.TABLE_NAME)=comps.object_id and information_schema.columns.COLUMN_NAME=comps.name

     where table_name = so.name
     order by ordinal_position
    FOR XML PATH('')) o (list)
left join
    information_schema.table_constraints tc
on  tc.Table_name       = so.Name
AND tc.Constraint_Type  = 'PRIMARY KEY'
cross apply
    (select '[' + Column_Name + '], '
     FROM   information_schema.key_column_usage kcu
     WHERE  kcu.Constraint_Name = tc.Constraint_Name
     ORDER BY
        ORDINAL_POSITION
     FOR XML PATH('')) j (list)
where   xtype = 'U'
AND name    NOT IN ('dtproperties')
作者: Erick Langford Xenes 发布者: 24.01.2017 05:31

2

1652 作者的声誉

我意识到这已经很长时间了,但我还是想加入。如果您只想要表,而不是您可以使用的create table语句

select into x from db.schema.y where 1=0

将表复制到新数据库

作者: Stu 发布者: 06.10.2017 08:09
32x32